Hydrogen H2 Research

Here is a whole bunch of information outlining aspects of the current state of hydrogen (H2) relative to now and going into the future.

A hydrogen vehicle is a vehicle that uses hydrogen as its onboard fuel for motive power. Hydrogen vehicles include hydrogen fueled space rockets, as well as automobiles and other transportation vehicles. The power plants of such vehicles convert the chemical energy of hydrogen to mechanical energy either

An energy expert’s love-hate affair with Toyota’s hydrogen fuel cell Mirai 5/13/15

But there’s, one more element that Toyota believes is on hydrogen’s side: the business model. For in terms of business model, hydrogen fuel cells are relatively similar to our current internal combustion engines. Just like an internal combustion engine, fuel cells will likely be manufactured in-house by automakers. In contrast, batteries are bought from an outside suppliers or produced in joint ventures – which costs money. Building a hydrogen distribution infrastructure will be pricey, but once it’s there it will look almost indistinguishable from today’s gas stations.

http://fortune.com/2015/05/13/an-energy-experts-love-hate-affair-with-toyotas-hydrogen-fuel-cell-mirai/

Water + Electricity = Hydrogen

Hydrogen’s ability to combine with oxygen was first noted by Henry Cavendish in 1766. The first electrolyzer subsequently appeared in 1800 when Nicolson and Carlisle induced a static charge into water. More than 200 years later Hydrogenics continues to evolve and improve on these fundamental discoveries.

Electrolysis cells are characterized by their electrolyte type. There are two types of low temperature electrolysis where Hydrogenics is active: Alkaline and Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM).

Thanks to decades of research and development in both technologies, Hydrogenics has the unique capability to offer PEM and Alkaline systems and to select the most appropriate one based on the cost, capacity and use of it.

Both Alkaline and PEM technologies have the ability to deliver:

On site and on demand hydrogen (load following)
Pressurized hydrogen without a compressor
99.999% pure, dry and carbon-free hydrogen

http://www.hydrogenics.com/technology-resources/hydrogen-technology/electrolysis

Hydrogen Generator 8 Kilowatt
https://goo.gl/uTkrWI

H2 Technologies is a Hawaii-based developer of an innovative, patent-pending approach to hydrogen generation. Potential uses of the hydrogen we produce include transportation fuel and clean-burning enriched propane.

Our technology combines sonochemistry and electrolysis with renewable energy sources to create compact hydrogen generators. These powerful units are greener, more efficient, and less expensive to operate than any other products in the marketplace.

H2 Technologies combines sonochemistry and electrolysis in a unique, patent-pending process to produce hydrogen from water. We owe much of our success to Dr. John Allen of the University of Hawaii Engineering faculty. Dr. Allen is a leading expert in sonochemistry.

Our approach to hydrogen generation distinguishes us from other technologies, such as Reverse Fuel Cell and Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)Electrolyzers or Steam Methane Reformers.

We focus exclusively on using clean, renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and geothermal, to produce the electricity required to generate hydrogen.

Our technology is highly efficient, scalable, and manufactured of readily-available materials —making it practical and cost-effective for environments of all sizes.

Proof of Concept:

To demonstrate the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel, the H2 Technologies team converted a moped to run on compressed hydrogen gas. The moped is now on display at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii (NELHA). We’ve also modified a Suzuki Samurai and a bicycle to run on hydrogen gas.

Our beta hydrogen generation unit is 75% efficient?meeting the U.S. Department of Energy efficiency goal for electrolysis.

http://www.h2-techs.com/

BMW Electric Hydrogen Car – 2015 New Car Review HD
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1hhh_tTp51E

BMW Hydrogen 7

The BMW Hydrogen 7 is a limited production hydrogen vehicle built from 2005-2007[1] by German automobile manufacturer BMW. The car is based on BMW’s traditional gasoline powered BMW 7 Series (E65) line of vehicles, and more specifically the 760Li. It uses the same 6 litre V-12 motor as does the 760i and 760Li; however, it has been modified to also allow for the combustion of hydrogen as well as gasoline, making it a bivalent engine. Unlike many other current hydrogen powered vehicles like those being produced by Honda, General Motors, and Daimler AG – which use fuel cell technology and hydrogen to produce electricity to power the vehicle – the BMW Hydrogen 7 burns the hydrogen in an internal combustion engine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMW_Hydrogen_7

The future is closer than you think.

The BMW Hydrogen 7 is the world’s first production-ready hydrogen vehicle. It’s already proving itself in the real world too: we’re putting 100 of them to the test as loan cars for leading figures from the worlds of culture, politics, business and the media, including Oscar-winning film director Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck and Erich Sixt, chairman of rental car company Sixt AG.
Real-world experience shows that switching to hydrogen can go hand in hand with the comfort, dynamics and safety you’d expect from a BMW.

http://goo.gl/vYa8o

bmw hydrogen
https://goo.gl/9nmmp6

Boeing has announced that it is developing fuel cell technologies as part of an overall goal of making completely sustainable flight a reality. The company is testing its fuel cells with a specially designed unmanned aerial vehicle.

Energy from a high-efficiency solar panel is used to break down water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is compressed and stored aboard the aircraft as fuel for the cell, which splits the hydrogen atoms into ions and electrons. The electrons allow an electric current to flow, which powers the aircraft, and later recombine with the ions. The hydrogen is then burnt with oxygen from the air, giving off no emissions other than water.

Fuel cells have a number of advantages as a power source for unmanned aircraft. They produce less noise and vibration than petrol or diesel-powered combustion engines, allowing the aircraft to fly lower and with increased reliability. In addition to producing no emissions, they also have a smaller thermal signature, making them harder to detect.

Boeing’s aim is to produce a completely autonomous flight system for use in remote areas where resources such as fuel and water may be impossible to obtain.

http://www.unmannedsystemstechnology.com/2015/03/video-boeing-tests-new-fuel-cell-technology-uav/

jack nicklaus hydrogen car
https://goo.gl/ZrZnam

toyota hydrogen distribution
https://goo.gl/qN3oqP

toyota hydrogen bullshit
https://goo.gl/lsJxYC

Boeing’s fuel cell technology is making sustainable flight closer to reality

Powering an aircraft could soon be a sustainable endeavor. Fuel cell technologies being explored by Boeing use a fusion of hydrogen and oxygen to help power aircraft electricity, produce heat, and provide clean water.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Airplane

Taking to the sky is a challenging effort for an electric motor; however, combined with the power of hydrogen and the proficiency of fuel cell technology, Mike Strizki along with various partners, including Worcester Polytechnical Institute, NASA, Boeing and the U.S. Army Fuel Cell Test Center, were able to achieve the daunting task. Using a fuel cell engine can improve efficiencies over fossil fuels by as much as three times, with water vapor as the only emissions.

The single prop DynAero Lafayette III airframe used in the project required 25-kilowatts of power at 100 mph to travel 300-miles in the air. This would necessitate 75-kilowatt-hours of energy, or roughly four kilograms of hydrogen gas (compared to 50 kilograms of gasoline). Another advantage over a gasoline engine is that the fuel cell prop has only a single moving part!

The Final product featured the DynAero Lafayette III Airframe being outfitted with a 75-kilowatt UQM electric motor and 5-kilowatt NiMH 277VDC battery unit.

http://hydrogenhouseproject.org/fuel-cell-airplane.html

How Things Work: Flying Fuel Cells
Out of gas? Not a problem.

HK 36 Super Dimona carried a 200-pound hydrogen fuel cell that ran an electric motor to turn its propeller. The fuel cell couldn’t quite put out the energy required for takeoff—45 kilowatts—and got help from a lithium ion battery to lift off the runway in Ocaña, Spain. At 3,300 feet Barberán disconnected the battery, and for the next 20 minutes the Super Dimona flew straight and level at about 60 mph on just the fuel cell. It was the first time a piloted airplane had flown powered by a fuel cell alone.

http://goo.gl/vRw8ZL

Hydrogen-powered aircraft

A hydrogen-powered aircraft is an airplane that uses hydrogen as a power source. Hydrogen can either be burned in some kind of jet engine, or other kind of internal combustion engine, or can be used to power a fuel cell to generate electricity to power a propeller.

Unlike normal aircraft, which use wings for storing fuel, hydrogen aircraft are usually designed with the liquid hydrogen fuel carried inside the fuselage, in order to minimize surface-area and reduce boil-off.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen-powered_aircraft

Phantom Eye HALE Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), United States of America

A high-altitude long-endurance (HALE) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), Phantom Eye is designed and manufactured by Boeing Phantom Works, US. The UAV will perform intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions in Afghanistan for defence forces of the US. It is the first fixed-wing UAV to utilise a liquid hydrogen fuel system.

The maiden flight of the Phantom Eye took place in June 2012. The second flight test was completed in February 2013. Flying at a maximum altitude of 65,000ft (19,812m), the UAV can provide its operators with real-time intelligence data by performing surveillance, reconnaissance and communication across a large area.

The UAV was derived from its predecessor, the Boeing Condor, which had recorded highest altitudes and endurance tests in late 1980.

Ford engines and Phantom Eye performance

The UAV is powered by two Strap-on Ford 2.3 litre motor vehicle engines. Each engine produces 150hp (111kW) of output power. The propulsion system features four cylinders and an array of hydrogen fuel cells.
“Phantom Eye was first unveiled to the public on 12 July 2010 at the Boeing facility in St Louis, Missouri, US.”

The hydrogen-powered engine is fuel efficient and reduces the carbon footprint by emitting water rather than carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide.

The real-time data provided by the Phantom Eye will be retrieved, processed and stored at the ground control station (GCS). The GCS is being manufactured by Boeing Phantom Works, US. The captured real-time intelligence data will be transmitted to the ground control station through a satellite communication data link.

http://goo.gl/kNmQXG

Sandia National Laboratories

For more than 60 years, Sandia has delivered essential science and technology to resolve the nation’s most challenging security issues.

Sandia National Laboratories is operated and managed by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation. Sandia Corporation operates Sandia National Laboratories as a contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and supports numerous federal, state, and local government agencies, companies, and organizations.

http://energy.sandia.gov/
http://www.sandia.gov/index.html

boeing hydrogen fuel cell drone phantom
https://goo.gl/3qf4pl

AirGas
http://www.airgas.com/

Search results for “hydrogen”
http://goo.gl/AKwOPM

Hydrogen Fuel Cost vs Gasoline
http://heshydrogen.com/hydrogen-fuel-cost-vs-gasoline/

Breakthrough Extracts Hydrogen from Water 30 Times Faster

Scientists at the University of Glasgow have made an exciting clean energy production breakthrough: they’ve discovered a new method for extracting hydrogen from water that is not only safer than current methods, it’s also an incredible 30 times faster. The process, published in the journal Science, also resolves issues associated with storing electricity generated by renewable resources by using that electricity to produce hydrogen, which can then be stored for later use.

http://inhabitat.com/clean-energy-breakthrough-safer-faster-method-discovered-to-extract-hydrogen-from-water/

Toyota Mirai
http://www.toyota.com/mirai/

To buy Toyota’s new hydrogen car you’ll need to pass an interview

Toyota Mirai boasts the best mile per gallon ratio of any zero emissions vehicle, but finding early adopters may prove difficult.

If you’ve always wanted a hydrogen car, your chance is almost here—that is, if you live in California and close to one of the 10 public hydrogen fuel stations in the state.

Toyota announced Tuesday it will begin taking orders for its hydrogen fuel cell-powered car on July 20. The cars, which have an official range of 312 miles on a single fill of hydrogen, are expected to begin delivery in October.

http://goo.gl/p0VLai

Powering the future
Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles could change mobility forever

Around the world, efforts are being made to harness the power of hydrogen,
the most abundant element in the universe.
Recognizing hydrogen’s vast potential as a clean energy source,
Toyota is actively developing and producing fuel cell vehicles (FCV).
We believe hydrogen can help us contribute to
the next 100 years of the automobile.

The Mirai, the world’s first fuel cell vehicle
for the mass market

http://www.toyota-global.com/innovation/environmental_technology/fuelcell_vehicle/

An energy expert’s love-hate affair with Toyota’s hydrogen fuel cell Mirai

He takes the vehicle for a test drive, and here’s what happened.

Earlier this year, Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk momentarily demurred when asked about the prospects for automotive fuel cells. Then, he unloaded. Fuel cells, Musk said during a press conference at the Automotive News World Congress, were “extremely silly.” Musk proceeded to deliver what may be the definitive rant against the thing he calls “fool cells.” Best case, he said, the optimized fuel cells of the future lose out against “current batteries.”

Yet while there are certainly a lot of problems with fuel cells, it seems rash to just write them off. Some say success is just around the corner. This year, Toyota will release its first ever hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicle. And while Musk looms large in U.S. innovation circles, compared to Toyota TM , as yet Tesla TSLA is a flash in the pan. In 2014, Tesla sold 31,600 cars compared to 9 million for Toyota; and while Tesla brings in a few billion dollars a year, Toyota’s annual income is about $250 billion – which makes its company revenue larger than the GDP of Ireland, Qatar or Greece. This year at the Detroit auto show, Tesla had three versions of one car on display; Toyota had more than 70 distinct models.

In light of all this, it makes a lot of sense to try to understand what Toyota sees in fuel cells.

http://goo.gl/DpSq8a

RE<C

In 2007 we launched our Renewable Energy Cheaper than Coal (RE<C) initiative through Google.org as an effort to drive down the cost of renewable energy. We’ve retired this initiative and continue to support renewable energy in a variety of other ways.

https://www.google.org/rec.html

Why Google Gave Up (RE<C) initiative

The short version is this. They couldn’t find a way to accomplish their goal: producing a gigawatt of renewable power more cheaply than a coal-fired plant — and in years, not decades.

And since then, they’ve been reflecting on their failure and they’ve realized something even more sobering. Even if they’d been able to realize their best-case scenario — a 55% carbon emissions cut by 2050 — it would not bring atmospheric CO2 back below 350 ppm during this century.”

https://goo.gl/YTWJ5w
https://johncarlosbaez.wordpress.com/2015/01/05/why-google-gave-up/

What It Would Really Take to Reverse Climate Change
Today’s renewable energy technologies won’t save us. So what will?

Google cofounder Larry Page is fond of saying that if you choose a harder problem to tackle, you’ll have less competition. This business philosophy has clearly worked out well for the company and led to some remarkably successful “moon shot” projects: a translation engine that knows 80 languages, self-driving cars, and the wearable computer system Google Glass, to name just a few.

Starting in 2007, Google committed significant resources to tackle the world’s climate and energy problems. A few of these efforts proved very successful: Google deployed some of the most energy-efficient data centers in the world, purchased large amounts of renewable energy, and offset what remained of its carbon footprint.

Google’s boldest energy move was an effort known as RE<C, which aimed to develop renewable energy sources that would generate electricity more cheaply than coal-fired power plants do. The company announced that Google would help promising technologies mature by investing in start-ups and conducting its own internal R&D. Its aspirational goal: to produce a gigawatt of renewable power more cheaply than a coal-fired plant could, and to achieve this in years, not decades.

Unfortunately, not every Google moon shot leaves Earth orbit. In 2011, the company decided that RE

http://goo.gl/B3fvkt

NREL

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory
The only federal laboratory dedicated to research, development, commercialization, and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies.

About NREL

At NREL, we focus on creative answers to today’s energy challenges. From breakthroughs in fundamental science to new clean technologies to integrated energy systems that power our lives, NREL researchers are transforming the way the nation and the world use energy.

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.

http://www.nrel.gov/

Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System

The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System is designed to do exactly that. Ivanpah utilizes proven solar thermal technology and a low environmental impact design to power California’s clean energy economy with cost-competitive and reliable solar power.

The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System (SEGS) – owned by NRG Energy, Google, and BrightSource Energy – will use BrightSource’s proven solar tower technology to produce clean, reliable solar electricity to more than 140,000 homes. Upon completion, Ivanpah will be the largest solar thermal power tower system in the world. Located in Ivanpah Dry Lake, California, the three-unit power system will be built on approximately 3,500 acres of public desert land. Electricity from Ivanpah will avoid millions of tons of carbon dioxide and other air pollutants – the equivalent of taking 70,000 cars off the road. The project will create more than 2,100 jobs for construction workers and support staff and 86 jobs for operations and maintenance employees in addition to hundreds of millions of dollars in local and state taxes. The $2.2 billion project represents a durable model for far-reaching employment and economic benefit both locally and nationally.

http://www.ivanpahsolar.com/

More Problems for CSP: Ivanpah Solar Plant Falling Short of Expected Electricity Production

Whether scorched birds are a major issue at the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System in California is a matter of dispute. But the “power tower” solar plant and its owners — NRG Energy, Google and BrightSource Energy — might have an even more fundamental problem on their hands: generating adequate electricity.

The Mojave Desert plant, built with the aid of a $1.6 billion federal loan guarantee, kicked off commercial operation at the tail end of December 2013, and for the eight-month period from January through August, its three units generated 254,263 megawatt-hours of electricity, according to U.S. Energy Information Administration data. That’s roughly one-quarter of the annual 1 million-plus megawatt-hours that had been anticipated.

Output did pick up in the typically sunny months of May, June, July and August, as one might expect, with 189,156 MWh generated in that four-month period. But even that higher production rate would translate to annual electricity output of less than 600,000 MWh, at least 40 percent below target.

Another sign of the plant’s early operating woes: In March, the owners sought permission (PDF) to use 60 percent more natural gas in auxiliary boilers than was allowed under the plant’s certification, a request that was approved in August.

http://goo.gl/G8jlJe

Battle of zero-emissions cars: Hydrogen or electric?

When Toyota puts its considerable bulk behind a new technology, everyone should sit up and take notice.

When it launched the first-generation Prius back in 1997, many scoffed. It was ugly, not terribly efficient and distinctly uncool. Eighteen years later, Toyota has sold nearly five million of the Prius, and it is now the best selling car in Japan.

And so enter the Toyota Mirai, leading the charge for hydrogen vehicles, alongside Hyundai’s ix35 model.

The, now rather tired, joke about hydrogen is that it is “the fuel of the future, and always will be”.

Fuel cells were invented in the 1880s and work by taking hydrogen fuel and reacting it with oxygen to produce electricity. The only waste product is water.

The problem with fuel cells has always been their cost, usually measured in millions of dollars.

Somehow, with the Mirai, which is the Japanese word for future, Toyota has managed to bring the price down to around $60,000 (£38,884) and to squeeze it all into a family-sized car.

http://goo.gl/R1ruLC

Google’s Renewable Energy Initiative Is Dead

While the company says it will still pour dollars into other renewable projects, it’s done doing its own R&D. Here’s what the RE

http://goo.gl/o1XSY1

Why Google Stopped Trying To Make Renewable Energy Cheaper Than Coal

In 2007, Google GOOGL +2.44%, the internet search giant based in Mountain View, CA CA +0.54%, made a media splash by investing big-time dollars in an effort to develop a renewable energy technology that could compete economically with coal.

The project was called RE<C

During its four-year existence, RE<C

For the past three years, the reasons for Google’s decision to pull the plug on

http://goo.gl/RABGNK

GDS Technologies

http://www.gdstechnologies.ca/

http://revolution-green.com/
http://revolution-green.com/kick-off-for-worlds-largest-electrolysis-for-wind-power/

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